Kondrashin Viktor Viktorovich, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, head of sub-department of Russian history, regional ethnography and history teaching technique, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Kondrashin Maxim Viktorovich, Postgraduate student, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. The solution of the country’s complex problems including the ones concerning the Russian economy’s agrarian sector and people is impossible without the use of the whole range of scientific achievements by both domestic and foreign scientists. Works of the English sociologist and historian Theodor Shanin, one of the brightest representatives of peasant studies – a major part of humanities in Russia and other countries. Therefore the purpose of the article is to analyze the creative activity of the scientist, especially his contribution to studying the history of the Russian peasantry.
Materials and methods. Realization of the goal was achieved on the basis of studying all the main works by the scientist on the history of peasantry in Russia and other countries from the moment of the first researches on the subject matter and till the present times. While preparaing the work, the author used such traditional methods of historiographic researches, as the historical-genetic and the comparative-historical ones, as well as classification and periodization.
Results. The author analyzed the scientist’s creative heritage, described the basic provisions of his scientific concept of peasant studies, and also the results of the organized scientific projects on studying the history of the Russia peasantry.
Conclusions. The research showed that Theodor Shanin is one of the founders of modern peasant studies, the author of the original works on history of the Russian. His conclusions on inaccuracy of the theory of progress in the description of the peasant economy, on an independent and active role of the peasantry in the Russian revolution, on the phenomenon of “Peasant revolution in Russia” at the beginning of the XX century are of great interest for Russian historians, giving an impulse for their further researches of the subject matter.
1. Shanin T. Kuda idet Rossiya?.. Transformatsiya sotsial'noy sfery i sotsial'naya politika [Where is Russia heading?.. The social sphere transformation and the social policy]. Moscow: Delo, 1998, pp. 303–321.
2. Shanin T. Peasants and Peasant Societies. Penguin, 1971.
3. Shanin T. The Awkward Class: Political Sociology of Peasantry in a Developing Socie-ty: Russia 1910–1925. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972.
4. Velikiy neznakomets: krest'yane i fermery v sovremennom mire: per. s angl. [A great stranger: peasants and farmers in the modern world: translation from English]. Comp.
by T. Shanin; ed. by A. V. Gordon. Moscow: Progress – Progress-Akademiya, 1992.
5. Shanin T., Danilov V. P., Dzheyms Skott et al. Krest'yanovedenie. Teoriya. Istoriya. Sovremennost'. Ezhegodnik. 1996 [Peasant studies. Theory. History. Modern times. Yearbook. 1996]. Moscow: Aspekt Press, 1996, pp. 8–25.
6. Shanin T. Defining Peasants. Essays concerning Rural Societies, Expolary Economies, and Learning from them in the Contemporary World. Oxford, 1990.
7. Otechestvennaya istoriya [Russian history]. 1993, no. 2, p. 8.
8. Shanin T. Neformal'naya ekonomika. Rossiya i mir [Informal economy. Russia and the world]. Moscow: Logos, 1999, pp. 11–32.
9. Shanin T., Skott Dzh., Fadeeva O. et al. Refleksivnoe krest'yanovedenie: Desyatiletie issledovaniy sel'skoy Rossii [Reflexive peasant studies: A decade of researching rural Russia]. Moscow: MVShSEN, «Rossiyskaya politicheskaya entsiklopediya» (ROSSPEN), 2002, pp. 9–30.
10. Shanin T. Revolyutsiya kak moment istiny. Rossiya 1905–1907 gg. → 1917–1922 gg.: per. s angl. [Revolution as a moment of truth. Russia in 1905–1907 → 1917–1922: translation from English]. Moscow: Ves' mir, 1997.
11. Babashkin V. V. Rossiya v 1902–1935 gg. kak agrarnoe obshchestvo: zakonomernosti i osobennosti otechestvennoy modernizatsii [Russia in 1902–1935 as an agrarian society: regularities and features of Russian modernization]. Moscow, 2007, app. 1, pp. 186–202.
12. Shanin T. Kuda idet Rossiya?.. Krizis institutsional'nykh sistem: Vek, desyatiletie, god [Where is Russia heading?.. Crisis of institutional systems: Century, decade, year]. Moscow: Logos, 1999, pp. 3–11.
13. Shanin T. Kuda idet Rossiya?.. Formal'nye instituty i real'nye praktiki [Where is Russia heading?.. Formal institutions and real practices]. Moscow: MVShSEN, 2002, pp. 267–274.
14. Shanin T., Nikulin A. M., Danilov V. P. et al. Krest'yanovedenie: Teoriya. Istoriya. Sovremennost'. Uchenye zapiski [Peasant studies: Theory. History. Modern times. Pro-ceedings]. Moscow, 2006, iss. 5, pp. 30–37.
15. Shanin T. Ottsy i deti: Pokolencheskiy analiz sovremennoy Rossii [Fathers and sons: Analysis of generations in modern Russia]. Moscow: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2005, pp. 17–38.
16. Kondrashin V. V. Otechestvennye arkhivy [Russian archives]. Moscow, 2012, no. 6, pp. 37–44.
17. Kondrashin V. V. Osobennosti rossiyskogo zemledeliya i problemy rasseleniya: mate-rialy XXVI sessii Simpoziuma po agrarnoy istorii Vostochnoy Evropy [Peculiarities of Russian farming and settlement problems: proceedings of XXVI Symposium on agra-rian history of Eastern Europe]. Tambov, 2000, pp. 229–240.
18. Kondrashin V. V. Lyudi vo vremeni: zapiski istorika [People in time: historian’s notes]. Penza; Saransk, 2012, pp. 75–80.
19. Danilov V. P., Shanin T. Krest'yanskoe vosstanie v Tambovskoy gubernii v 1919–1921 gg. («Antonovshchina»): Dokumenty i materialy [Peasant rebellion in Tambov province in 1919–1921 (“Antonov’s revolt”): Documents and materials]. Tambov, 1994, pp. 5–6.
20. Kondrashin V. V. Ural'skiy istoricheskiy vestnik [Ural historical bulletin]. Ekaterinburg: Institut istorii i arkheologii URO RAN, 2007, 2008, no. 2 (19), pp. 85–89.
21. Kondrashin V. V. Istoriki-agrarniki Rossii XX – nachala XXI vv.: tvorcheskiy put' i mezh-dunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo [Agrarian historians of Russia in XX – early XXI centuries: creative development and international cooperation]. Praga: Vědecko vydavatelské centrum «Sociosféra-CZ», 2014.