Article 1315

Title of the article



Kondrashin Viktor Viktorovich, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, head of sub-department of Russian history, regional ethnography and history teaching technique, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia),
Kondrashin Maxim Viktorovich, Postgraduate student, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia),

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Background. The solution of the country’s complex problems including the ones concerning the Russian economy’s agrarian sector and people is impossible without the use of the whole range of scientific achievements by both domestic and foreign scientists. Works of the English sociologist and historian Theodor Shanin, one of the brightest representatives of peasant studies – a major part of humanities in Russia and other countries. Therefore the purpose of the article is to analyze the creative activity of the scientist, especially his contribution to studying the history of the Russian peasantry.
Materials and methods. Realization of the goal was achieved on the basis of studying all the main works by the scientist on the history of peasantry in Russia and other countries from the moment of the first researches on the subject matter and till the present times. While preparaing the work, the author used such traditional methods of historiographic researches, as the historical-genetic and the comparative-historical ones, as well as classification and periodization.
Results. The author analyzed the scientist’s creative heritage, described the basic provisions of his scientific concept of peasant studies, and also the results of the organized scientific projects on studying the history of the Russia peasantry.
Conclusions. The research showed that Theodor Shanin is one of the founders of modern peasant studies, the author of the original works on history of the Russian. His conclusions on inaccuracy of the theory of progress in the description of the peasant economy, on an independent and active role of the peasantry in the Russian revolution, on the phenomenon of “Peasant revolution in Russia” at the beginning of the XX century are of great interest for Russian historians, giving an impulse for their further researches of the subject matter.

Key words

Theodor Shanin, peasant studies, peasantry, historiography, international projects on the Russia agrarian history.

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Дата создания: 11.11.2015 09:37
Дата обновления: 11.11.2015 11:32